CBD hemp production grew by multiple folds after CBD-derived hemp was declared legal as per the US Farm Bill 2018. Even before the CBD trend, hemp was an actively cultivated crop but for different purposes. Hemp was traditionally cultivated for its seeds and fiber. Hemp seeds are nutritious food supplements while hemp fiber has various industrial applications.
CBD hemp is grown to extract CBD and other important cannabinoids from it. As the objectives of cultivating CBD hemp and industrial hemp are entirely different, their cultivation methods differ as well.
Harvesting Hemp For CBD Production
Harvesting is an important step in CBD production, and any mistakes you make in the process might affect the overall quality of the CBD products made out of it. Cultivators look for visual clues to find out if it is harvest time. By the time hemp is ready for harvest, the buds turn milky white from white.
Molds and mildews if present in the hemp crop will reduce the floral biomass of the hemp crops. Testing the CBD content on a weekly basis will let the grower know when the crop is ready for harvest. THC test should also be done in addition to the CBD test.
The weather greatly influences your decision on the harvest date. The harvest period of hemp often coincides with the hurricane season in the US. The harvest should be done before the storm begins for the processes of harvesting and curing hemp should go smooth.
Hemp harvest is a labor-intensive process and first-time growers might have some trouble in estimating how much labor would be required. We recommend first-time hemp growers start with an area that is less than one acre. After they learn more about the whole process, they can cultivate hemp in a larger area the next time.
Drying And Curing Hemp
After hemp is harvested, move the floral biomass into the drying facility without wasting any time. The desired temperature range in the barn is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The drying facility should be away from direct sunlight and have proper ventilation. To ensure proper airflow, the facility should be fitted with many fans blowing all the time.
For high-quality end product i.e CBD, slow drying of hemp with adequate airflow is recommended rather than quick-drying with higher heat.